THE FOLLOWING IS QUOTED FROM BERGAN EVANS
ON NORBERT WEINER,
The second concept Wiener has to establish is that of entropy.
Probability is a mathematical concept, coming from statistics.
Entropy comes from physics. It is the assertion-- established
logically and experimentally-- that the universe, by its nature,
is "running down", moving toward a state of inert uniformity
devoid of form, matter, hierarchy or differentiation.
That is, in any given situation, less organization, more chaos,
is overwhelmingly more probable than tighter organization or more
The tendency for entropy to increase in isolated systems is
expressed in the second law of thermodynamics-- perhaps the most
pessimistic and amoral formulation in all human thought.
It applies however, to a closed system, to something that is
an isolated whole, not just a part. Within such systems there
may be parts, which draw their energy from the whole, that are
moving at least temporarily, in the opposite direction; in them
order is increasing and chaos is diminishing.
The whirlpools that swirl in a direction opposed to the main
current are called "enclaves". And one of them is life,
especially human life, which in a universe moving inexorably towards
chaos moves towards increased order.
IF THE TELEPHONE RINGS TODAY..... WATER IT!
-Rev. Thomas, Gnostic
PLANETARY Pi, which I discovered,
is 61. It's a Time-Energy relationship
existing between sun and inner plants
and I use it in arriving at many facts
unknown to science. For example,
multiply nude earth's circumference
24,902.20656 by 61 and you get the
distance of moon's orbit around the
earth. This is slightly less than
actual distance because we have not
yet considered earth's atmosphere. So
be it. Christopher Garth, Evanston
"I SHOULD HAVE BEEN A PLUMBER."